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Acacia photo

Acacia is a tree also called Wattle in Australia. At least 800 varieties of trees and shrubs consist of a genus in the family of pea, or bean and found in tropical and subtropical regions in the world. Almost 600 kinds of Acacias are native to Australia and a number of Pacific Ocean Islands and the rest of them are found in either Africa or the America. Acacias are particularly found on the plains of southern and eastern Africa as well, where they are specifically famous benchmark on the veld (refers to terrestrial where African farmers work) and savannah (a type of vegetation that cultivates in hot climate).

Acacias are separated into two major kinds of leaf. The first is called ‘phyllodes’ that are flattened leaf stems and have grown to acquire the place of leaves and supposed to lessen the impact of water loss in the particular climate. The next form comprises of small, wonderfully divided leaflets that provide leafstalk a fluffy form. They may have prickles and sharp spikes at their base.


Some Acacias generate valuable timber and some a valuable substance called gum Arabic used in pharmaceuticals, inks, confections, etc. Acacias are natural harbor and rich in tannin, used for tanning and dyes; and widely used in India.